EU: The Association of European Rolling Stock Lessors, AERRL, has published the first part of a study of such diesel alternatives as biofuel, biomethane, ammonia, batteries, and hydrogen in rail transport.
EU: Europe's Rail has updated its estimates of the potential costs of the DAC introduction on freight cars. The estimates and the initiative itself have attracted criticism by ZNPK, an association of minor operators from Poland.
EU: In January 2023, new public procurement rules came into force in the European Union. The first company to be affected by these rules is CRRC.
Slovakia, India: TVEMA completed certification tests of the ECHO-COMPLEX ultrasonic system for ŽSR, diagnostic systems for Indian Railways are at the acceptance stage.