EU: Europe's Rail has updated its estimates of the potential costs of the DAC introduction on freight cars. The estimates and the initiative itself have attracted criticism by ZNPK, an association of minor operators from Poland.
EU: In January 2023, new public procurement rules came into force in the European Union. The first company to be affected by these rules is CRRC.
EU: In 2021, the REUSE project by UIC to stimulate the railway equipment recycling was finalized. In turn, manufacturers are increasingly indicating the share of materials in the rolling stock that are recyclable.